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Gallbladder Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Stages and Immunotherapy Treatments

Gallbladder Cancer Immunotherapy Treatment

The gallbladder is a tiny organ shaped like a pear and positioned on the right side of the abdomen, just below the liver. It stores bile, which is a digestive fluid that your liver produces. Gallbladder cancer is defined by irregular cell growth that starts in the gallbladder. It is not a common form of cancer and when discovered at the early stage and given the right gallbladder cancer treatment in India. Denvax is the best hospital in Delhi for immunotherapy for gallbladder cancer in India. This state-of-the-art gallbladder cancer hospital offers the best immunotherapy for stage 4 gallbladder cancer.

What Are The Types Of Gallbladder Cancer?

One of the primary factors that determine treatment for gallbladder cancer is the type of cancer you are suffering from. Types of gallbladder cancer include:

● Squamous Cell Cancer

These cancers grow from the cells that look like skin and form the gallbladder lining along with your gland cells. Moreover, they are treated in the same way as adenocarcinomas. These are not so common and accounts for only 5 out of every 100 gallbladder cancers.

● Adenocarcinoma Cancer

This is among the most common forms of gallbladder cancer wherein over 85 out of every 100 gallbladder cancer suffer from adenocarcinoma. Cancer begins in the gland cells in the gallbladder lining. There are three forms of adenocarcinomas:
1. Mucinous adenocarcinoma
2. Papillary adenocarcinoma
3. Non-papillary adenocarcinoma

● Adenosquamous Cancer

These are cancers that include glandular cancer cells and squamous cancer cells. The doctors may refer to this as mixed histology. Moreover, these cancers are treated like adenocarcinomas.

● Sarcoma

These are cancers that include glandular cancer cells and squamous cancer cells. The doctors may refer to this as mixed histology. Moreover, these cancers are treated like adenocarcinomas.

● Neuroendocrine Tumor

These are rare cancers that develop from tissues producing hormones, generally in the digestive system. Carcinoid is the most common type of neuroendocrine tumor.

What Are the Symptoms of Gallbladder Cancer?

If you experience the below systems on a regular basis, then you should consider seeing a specialist for treatment for gallbladder:
● Itchy skin
● Fever
● A lump in the abdomen
● Bloating
● Vomiting and nausea
● Cramping and abdominal pain
● Jaundice
● Unexplained loss of weight

How Is Gallbladder Cancer Diagnosed?

In order to determine the best gallbladder cancer treatment in India, the doctors first need to perform diagnostic tests that include:
● Medical History And Physical Examination
● Blood Tests
● Imaging Tests
● Tumor Markers
● Ultrasound
● Computed tomography (CT) scan
● Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
● Cholangiography
● Angiography
● Laparoscopy
● Biopsy

What Are The Stages Of Gallbladder Cancer?

Treatment of gallbladder cancer can be determined by the stage you are at.
● T0 - At this stage, the cancer is merely in the epithelium and has not spread into the deeper layers of your gallbladder.
● T1 - At this stage, the tumor has spread into the muscle layer of lamina propria.
● T2a - At this stage, the tumor has developed through the layers of muscle into the fibrous tissue. Cancer has not yet spread to the lymph nodes or other organs.
● T2b - Cancer has spread from the muscle layer and into the fibrous tissue present on the liver’s side. However, it has not spread to the liver.
● T3 - The tumor has developed through the serosa or/, and it has developed into the liver directly or/and nearby areas like the colon, pancreas, stomach, bile duct, duodenum.
● T1-3 - The tumor may or may not have developed outside the gallbladder and into the liver or nearby structure. However, it has developed in the blood vessels passing into the liver.
● T4 - Cancer has spread to one of the main blood vessels resulting into the liver, or it has spread into two or more structures.
● Any T(N) - The main tumor may or may not have spread outside the gallbladder or spread onto four or over lymph nodes.
● Any T (m1) - In this stage, cancer has spread to other distant sites like the peritoneum, liver, lungs, or lining of the abdomen.

What Are The Options For Treatment For Gallbladder Cancer?

Based on the above factors based on which the required gallbladder cancer treatment will be determined. Following are the treatment options for gallbladder cancer:
● Surgery
● Chemotherapy
● Radiation Therapy
● Targeted Drug Therapy
● Immunotherapy