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Cancer treatment in Kolkata

Cancer treatment in Kolkata

In recent years, immunotherapy has emerged to be an increasingly available and vital form of cancer treatment. Cancer immunotherapy involves empowering the patient’s own immune system to fight cancer. It works in a way that harnesses and enhances the natural powers of the immune system to fight against the disease. The fundamental goal of immunotherapy is to recognize, target, and eliminate cancer cells from the body. It can be administered alone, or used as an adjuvant treatment along with other types of cancer treatments.

Also known as biologic therapy, immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the natural defences of the body to fight cancer. It is targeted at improving or restoring the immune system functions, be it through substances made by the body or in a laboratory. Your oncologist may recommend immunotherapy as the only course of treatment, or might use it along with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery.

Immunotherapy in Kolkata
Best Cancer Treatment in Kolkata
Best Cancer Treatment in Kolkata
Best Cancer Treatment in Kolkata
Best Cancer Treatment in Kolkata
Best Cancer Treatment in Kolkata

Best Cancer Treatment Hospital in Kolkata

Searching for the best cancer treatment hospital in Kolkata is crucial if one wishes to receive the best possible treatment for a disease like cancer. Kolkata boasts several renowned hospitals known for their expertise in oncology, offering advanced treatments and compassionate care. Comprehensive cancer centers in Kolkata prioritize cutting-edge therapies, multidisciplinary approaches, and personalized treatment plans that are tailored to each patient's needs.

Cancer, with its myriad forms and complexities, necessitates a specialized approach that combines medical expertise with empathy and support. These facilities often house state-of-the-art equipment for diagnosis and treatment, along with skilled medical professionals specializing in various types of cancer. Beyond medical care, top cancer hospitals in Kolkata also prioritize holistic support, providing psychological counseling, nutritional guidance, and rehabilitation services to enhance patients' overall well-being.

When navigating cancer treatment, selecting a reputable hospital with a track record of successful outcomes and patient satisfaction can provide reassurance and confidence during a challenging journey. Finding a facility that not only treats the disease but also cares for the individual can make a significant difference in the experience of battling cancer.

Cancer Key Facts

  • Cancer remains a significant global health challenge, with nearly 10 million deaths recorded in 2020 alone, accounting for approximately one in six deaths worldwide.

  • The most prevalent types of cancer include breast, lung, colon, rectum, and prostate cancers, which collectively contribute to a substantial portion of cancer-related morbidity and mortality.

  • Lifestyle factors play a significant role in cancer development, with approximately one-third of cancer-related deaths attributed to behaviors such as tobacco use, high body mass index, excessive alcohol consumption, inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables, and insufficient physical activity.

  • Infections caused by cancer-causing pathogens, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis viruses, are responsible for about 30% of cancer cases in low- and lower-middle-income countries, underscoring the importance of preventive measures and vaccination programs.

  • In the battle against cancer, early identification and efficient treatment are crucial. Many cancers are curable with proper diagnosis and treatment, which emphasizes the vital role of screening initiatives and prompt access to medical care.

What is Cancer?

Cancer is a complex disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells throughout the body. Within the intricacies of the human body, comprised of trillions of cells, this disruption occurs when cells begin to proliferate uncontrollably, forming tumors. Ordinarily, cells follow a regulated process of growth, division, and replacement. However, when this process malfunctions, damaged or abnormal cells can evade the body's regulatory mechanisms, leading to the formation of tumors, which can be either benign or malignant.

Malignant tumors, also known as cancerous tumors, have the propensity to invade surrounding tissues and metastasize to distant parts of the body, making treatment and management challenging. Conversely, benign tumors do not invade nearby tissues and typically do not metastasize. Although benign tumors may not possess the same aggressive nature as malignant ones, they can still present significant health risks, particularly when located in vital organs or tissues such as the brain.

Understanding the distinction between benign and malignant tumors is crucial in diagnosis and treatment planning, as it guides healthcare professionals in providing appropriate interventions tailored to the specific characteristics of the tumor. Moreover, advancements in research and medical technology continue to enhance our comprehension of cancer biology, paving the way for innovative therapeutic strategies and improved patient outcomes.

Types of Cancer

Understand what are the different types of cancer: 


Originating from epithelial cells lining the body's surfaces, carcinomas are the most prevalent type of cancer. Examples include:

  • Adenocarcinoma: Arising from glands that produce fluids or mucus, commonly found in the breast, colon, and prostate.

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma: Beginning in the basal layer of the skin's epidermis, often seen on sun-exposed areas.

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Developing from squamous cells beneath the skin's surface, it is prevalent in various organs like the skin, lungs, and bladder.

  • Transitional Cell Carcinoma: Forming in transitional epithelium, mainly affecting the bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis.


Emerging from soft tissues, including muscles, blood vessels, and fat, sarcomas represent a diverse group of cancers. Examples comprise:

  • Osteosarcoma: Most common in bone tissue, often occurring in the long bones of the arms and legs.

  • Leiomyosarcoma: Arising from smooth muscle tissue, commonly found in the uterus, stomach, or intestines.

  • Liposarcoma: Originating in fat cells, typically occurring in the thigh, abdomen, or retroperitoneum.


Originating in the bone marrow, leukemia involves the rapid proliferation of abnormal white blood cells, hindering normal blood cell production. Types include:

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): Characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal lymphocytes and often affects children.

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): Progressing slowly, this leukemia involves the overproduction of myeloid cells and is typically diagnosed in adults.


Originating from lymphocytes in the lymphatic system, lymphomas can be broadly categorized into:

  • Hodgkin lymphoma: Distinguished by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells, typically arising from B lymphocytes.

  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A heterogeneous group involving B or T lymphocytes, varying in aggressiveness and characteristics.

Multiple Myeloma

Originating from plasma cells in the bone marrow, multiple myeloma results in the accumulation of abnormal plasma cells, leading to bone tumors and bone marrow dysfunction.


Stemming from melanocytes, which produce melanin, melanoma primarily affects the skin but can also arise in other pigmented tissues, such as the eye.

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

These tumors, which can be benign or malignant, originate in various cell types within the central nervous system, including astrocytic tumors, meningiomas, and glioblastomas.

General Signs of Cancer

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of cancer is crucial for early detection and timely intervention. While most symptoms may not directly indicate cancer, persistent or worsening signs should prompt a visit to a healthcare professional for evaluation. Here are some general signs and symptoms associated with cancer:

Fatigue: Persistent and unexplained tiredness or weakness, even after adequate rest, could be a sign of underlying health issues, including cancer.

Unexplained Weight Changes: Significant weight loss or gain without a known cause may signal an underlying health problem, including certain types of cancer.

Eating Problems: Difficulty swallowing, persistent belly pain, nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite may indicate gastrointestinal cancers or other underlying conditions.

Swelling or Lumps: Any unusual swelling or lumps in the body, particularly those that grow in size or are accompanied by pain, should be investigated promptly.

Breast Changes: Thickening or lumps in the breast tissue or any changes in the appearance of the breast should be examined, as they could indicate breast cancer.

Persistent Pain: New or worsening pain that doesn't have an obvious cause or doesn't resolve with treatment warrants medical attention, as it could be a symptom of various cancers.

Skin Changes: Changes in the skin, such as new or changing moles, skin sores that don't heal, or changes in color, texture, or shape, may indicate skin cancer or other skin-related malignancies.

Respiratory Symptoms: Persistent cough, hoarseness, or difficulty breathing that doesn't improve should be evaluated, as they could be indicative of lung cancer or other respiratory conditions.

Bleeding Abnormalities: Unexplained bleeding or bruising, such as blood in the urine or stool, unusual vaginal bleeding, or bleeding from the gums, should be investigated promptly.

Digestive Changes: Persistent changes in bowel habits, such as constipation, diarrhea, or changes in stool appearance, could indicate gastrointestinal cancers.

Urinary Changes: Changes in urinary habits, such as pain during urination, blood in the urine, or changes in frequency, may signal urinary tract cancer.

Fever or Night Sweats: Persistent fever or night sweats without an apparent cause may be associated with certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma.

Neurological Symptoms: Headaches, vision changes, hearing problems, or other neurological symptoms should be evaluated, as they could indicate brain or nervous system cancers.

Mouth Changes: Persistent mouth sores, bleeding, pain, or numbness should be examined by a healthcare professional, as they may indicate oral cancer or other oral health issues.

It's important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other health conditions. However, if you experience any of these signs persistently or if they worsen over time, it's essential to consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and diagnosis. Early detection greatly improves the chances of successful treatment and recovery. Regular health check-ups and cancer screenings, as recommended by healthcare professionals and organizations like the American Cancer Society, are also crucial for detecting cancer in its early stages.

Types of Cancer Treatment

Cancer treatment encompasses a variety of approaches aimed at targeting and eliminating cancer cells. Here are the main types of cancer treatment, including immunotherapy:

Surgery: Surgical removal of cancerous tumors or affected tissues is a common treatment option for localized cancers. It is often used as the primary treatment for solid tumors, and it can be curative if the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing and multiplying. It is typically administered intravenously or orally and may be used alone or in combination with other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy.

Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to target and destroy cancer cells. It can be delivered externally (external beam radiation) or internally (brachytherapy) and is often used as a primary treatment or in combination with other therapies.

Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy, also known as biologic therapy, harnesses the body's immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells. It includes various approaches such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, CAR T-cell therapy, and cancer vaccines, which help boost the immune response against cancer.

Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy drugs are designed to specifically target cancer cells by interfering with specific molecules or pathways involved in cancer growth and progression. These drugs often have fewer side effects compared to traditional chemotherapy and can be used alone or in combination with other treatments.

Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is used to treat hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer by blocking or inhibiting the production of hormones that fuel cancer growth. It can be administered orally or through injections, and it is often used as a long-term treatment.

Stem Cell Transplantation: Stem cell transplantation, also known as bone marrow transplantation, involves replacing damaged or diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells to restore the body's ability to produce blood cells. It is commonly used to treat certain types of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma.

Precision Medicine: Precision medicine involves tailoring cancer treatment based on the specific genetic makeup of an individual's tumor. This approach allows for more targeted and personalized treatment strategies, potentially improving outcomes and reducing side effects.

Palliative Care: Palliative care focuses on providing relief from the symptoms and side effects of cancer and its treatment, improving quality of life for patients with advanced or metastatic disease. It includes pain management, symptom control, and emotional support for both patients and their families.

These treatments can be used alone or in combination, depending on the type and stage of cancer, as well as individual patient factors. Treatment decisions are often made through a multidisciplinary approach involving oncologists, surgeons, radiation oncologists, and other healthcare professionals.

Best Cancer Doctors in Kolkata

Finding the best cancer doctors in Kolkata can be a crucial step in one's journey towards treatment and recovery. Kolkata, being one of India's major healthcare hubs, boasts a plethora of skilled oncologists and cancer specialists who are renowned for their expertise, experience, and dedication to patient care.

When seeking out the best cancer doctors in Kolkata, patients often look for certain key qualities:

Expertise and Experience: The best oncologists in Kolkata typically have extensive experience and specialized training in various aspects of cancer diagnosis, treatment, and management. They stay updated with the latest advancements in oncology to provide patients with the most effective care.

Reputation: Reputation plays a significant role in identifying top cancer doctors. Patients often rely on recommendations from other healthcare professionals, reviews from former patients, and recognition in the medical community through awards or publications.

Compassion and Empathy: Dealing with cancer can be emotionally and physically challenging. The best cancer doctors not only possess exceptional medical skills but also demonstrate compassion, empathy, and a supportive bedside manner to help patients navigate their journey with confidence and comfort.

Multidisciplinary Approach: Cancer treatment often requires a multidisciplinary approach involving collaboration among various specialists such as medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and supportive care teams. The best cancer doctors in Kolkata are usually part of comprehensive cancer centers or hospitals equipped with advanced technology and a multidisciplinary team to provide integrated care.

Accessibility and Communication: Effective communication between the doctor and the patient is crucial for understanding the treatment options, prognosis, and addressing any concerns. The best cancer doctors prioritize clear communication and accessibility, ensuring that patients and their families are well-informed and supported throughout the treatment process.

Research and Innovation: Leading cancer doctors in Kolkata often engage in research and clinical trials to explore new treatment modalities, therapies, and technologies. Their involvement in research reflects their commitment to advancing cancer care and improving patient outcomes.

Overall, the best cancer doctors in Kolkata are those who combine medical expertise, compassion, innovation, and a patient-centered approach to deliver comprehensive and personalized care to individuals fighting cancer. Patients can explore various resources, such as hospital websites, professional directories, and patient testimonials, to identify the most suitable oncologist for their specific needs. Additionally, seeking referrals from primary care physicians or trusted healthcare professionals can also help in finding the right cancer specialist.

Cost of Cancer Treatment in Kolkata

The cost of cancer treatment in Kolkata can vary significantly depending on several factors, including:

  • The cost of cancer treatment in Kolkata can vary significantly depending on several factors, such as the type and stage of cancer, the treatment modalities required, the hospital or healthcare facility chosen, and the patient's overall health condition.

  • Generally, cancer treatment in Kolkata may include various modalities such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and supportive care.

  • The cost of surgical procedures for cancer treatment can range from moderate to high, depending on the complexity and duration of the surgery, as well as the expertise of the surgical team.

  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy costs can vary based on the type and duration of treatment sessions, the specific drugs or radiation techniques used, and any associated medical tests or consultations.

  • Targeted therapy and immunotherapy, being newer and more advanced treatment options, may come at a higher cost compared to traditional treatments.

  • Additional expenses may include hospitalization charges, medications, diagnostic tests, doctor's fees, nursing care, and supportive therapies such as nutritional support or pain management.

  • Patients may also need to consider ancillary costs such as travel expenses, accommodation, and post-treatment rehabilitation or follow-up care.

It is advisable for patients to discuss treatment options and associated costs with their healthcare providers and to inquire about any available financial assistance programs, insurance coverage, or payment plans to help manage the expenses of cancer treatment in Kolkata.

Cancer Treatment in Kolkata with Immunotherapy at Denvax

Immunotherapy offers a promising approach to cancer treatment by leveraging the body's immune system to target and destroy cancer cells. At Denvax Hospital in Kolkata, patients have access to cutting-edge immunotherapy treatments tailored to their specific cancer type and stage. Denvax's team of experienced oncologists and immunologists works closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans aimed at enhancing the immune response against cancer.

Using innovative techniques and state-of-the-art technology, Denvax Hospital delivers targeted immunotherapies with the goal of improving patient outcomes and quality of life. By harnessing the power of the immune system, Denvax aims to provide patients with effective and durable responses, offering hope for those facing challenging cancer diagnoses. With a commitment to excellence and patient-centered care, Denvax Hospital is at the forefront of advancing cancer treatment through immunotherapy in Kolkata.

What is Immunotherapy? 

Immunotherapy empowers the body's immune system to combat cancer by utilizing substances derived from living organisms, constituting a branch of biological therapy. This innovative approach harnesses the innate defense mechanisms of white blood cells, lymphatic organs, and tissues to target cancer cells effectively. By stimulating the immune system's natural ability to recognize and destroy cancerous cells, immunotherapy offers a promising avenue for cancer treatment, complementing traditional approaches.

How Immunotherapy Battles Cancer?

Immunotherapy works by enhancing the body's natural defense system, the immune system, to fight against cancer cells. Normally, the immune system can recognize and destroy abnormal cells, including cancer cells. Sometimes, immune cells called tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are found around tumors, indicating that the immune system is responding to the cancer. Patients with TILs in their tumors often have better outcomes.

However, cancer cells can evade the immune system by making themselves less visible or by turning off immune cells. They can also manipulate nearby normal cells to interfere with the immune response. Immunotherapy helps by boosting the immune system's ability to recognize and attack cancer cells, potentially stopping their growth or even eliminating them altogether. It's like giving the immune system a helping hand to better fight against cancer.

Various Types of Immunotherapy for Cancer Treatment in Kolkata

Unlocking the potential by exploring the various types of Immunotherapy for cancer treatment.

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: These drugs work by blocking immune checkpoints, which are natural regulators of the immune system. By inhibiting these checkpoints, the drugs allow immune cells to mount a stronger response against cancer cells. This approach helps the immune system recognize and attack tumors more effectively.

T-cell Transfer Therapy: Also known as adoptive cell therapy, this treatment involves harnessing the body's T cells, a type of immune cell, to target cancer. T cells are extracted from the patient's tumor, modified or selected in the lab to enhance their ability to recognize and kill cancer cells, and then reintroduced into the patient's body. This personalized therapy boosts the natural cancer-fighting capabilities of T cells.

Monoclonal Antibodies: These are laboratory-produced immune system proteins designed to bind to specific targets on cancer cells. Some monoclonal antibodies mark cancer cells for destruction by the immune system, while others directly interfere with cancer cell functions. By targeting cancer cells specifically, monoclonal antibodies enhance the body's ability to eliminate tumors.

Treatment Vaccines: Unlike traditional vaccines that prevent disease, treatment vaccines aim to stimulate the immune system's response to cancer cells. These vaccines train the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells, potentially slowing down tumor growth or preventing recurrence. By priming the immune system to target cancer-specific antigens, treatment vaccines offer a targeted approach to cancer therapy.

Immune System Modulators: These agents work by enhancing the body's overall immune response against cancer. They can either target specific components of the immune system or exert a more general effect. By regulating immune cell activity and function, immune system modulators help to unleash the full potential of the immune system in combating cancer.

Each type of immunotherapy offers unique benefits and mechanisms of action, contributing to a comprehensive approach to cancer treatment. By harnessing the power of the immune system, these therapies hold promise for improving patient outcomes and transforming the landscape of cancer care.

DENVAX: Harnessing Dendritic Cells for Personalized Cancer Therapy

DENVAX represents a groundbreaking advancement in cancer treatment, utilizing dendritic cells – the immune system's superheroes. This personalized therapy seamlessly integrates with existing treatment plans, offering minimal disruption to daily life while providing a powerful tool against various solid tumors, from lymphoma to multiple myeloma. Operating within the realm of cancer immunotherapy, DENVAX stands as the fourth pillar alongside surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.

In cancer, the immune system often fails to recognize and combat cancer cells effectively. DENVAX addresses this by deploying dendritic cells, specialized immune cells that correct this oversight. Activated immune responses then target and destroy cancer cells throughout the body.

DENVAX serves as an additional treatment plan, complementing existing therapies. By activating the immune system, it contributes to a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary approach to cancer care. Notably, it enhances quality of life, extends lifespan, and improves clinical outcomes.

DENVAX is user-friendly and harmonious with other modalities, proving safe and nearly non-toxic. It's particularly suitable for personalized cancer care and serves as palliative therapy in stage IV cases, providing comfort to patients.

DENVAX preparation involves extracting the patient's blood cells and transforming them into cancer-fighting dendritic cells. The initial dose is administered on the 10th day of blood collection, with subsequent doses given at 2-week intervals.

Patients or their representatives initiate DENVAX treatment by contacting the office, providing necessary reports and a clinical status video for assessment. After eligibility confirmation, patients sign an Informed Consent Form, and logistics coordinate blood collection from the patient's home.

The manufacturing process takes 8 days, with patients choosing to receive the dose at home or visit DENVAX clinics. Trained staff ensure safe administration, dispatched along with the dose to the patient's home.

DENVAX boasts minimal adverse effects compared to chemotherapy, offering safety as an autologous treatment. Mild side effects, such as temporary fever, are rare. Experience the forefront of cancer treatment with DENVAX, where safety and effectiveness converge for a brighter future.

Which Cancers are Treated with Immunotherapy in Kolkata? 

Immunotherapy has emerged as a promising treatment approach for a wide range of cancers, revolutionizing the landscape of cancer therapy. Here's how it is utilized in treating various types of cancer:

Bladder Cancer: Immune checkpoint inhibitors have been approved for advanced or metastatic bladder cancer, offering improved survival outcomes and durable responses in some patients.

Brain Cancer: Immunotherapy is being explored as a treatment option for certain types of brain tumors, with ongoing research focusing on enhancing the immune response within the brain.

Breast Cancer: While not as widely used as in other cancers, immunotherapy is being investigated as a potential treatment for certain subtypes of breast cancer, particularly triple-negative breast cancer.

Cervical Cancer: Immunotherapy, particularly immune checkpoint inhibitors, is being studied in clinical trials for recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer, offering hope for patients with limited treatment options.

Childhood Cancer: Immunotherapy is being evaluated in pediatric cancers, including neuroblastoma, leukemia, and certain brain tumors, with promising results in some cases.

Colorectal Cancer: Immunotherapy, specifically immune checkpoint inhibitors, is approved for a subset of colorectal cancer patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) tumors.

Esophageal Cancer: Immunotherapy is being investigated as a treatment option for advanced esophageal cancer, particularly in combination with other therapies such as chemotherapy and radiation.

Head and Neck Cancer: Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown efficacy in recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancers, offering improved response rates and survival benefits.

Kidney Cancer: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has responded well to immune checkpoint inhibitors, with significant improvements in survival rates and long-term responses observed in some patients.

Liver Cancer: Immunotherapy is being studied as a treatment option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with ongoing clinical trials exploring its efficacy either alone or in combination with other therapies.

Lung Cancer: Immunotherapy has become a standard treatment option for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), both in the first-line and salvage settings, offering improved outcomes and prolonged survival.

Leukemia: Immunotherapy, such as chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, has shown promising results in treating certain types of leukemia, particularly acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

Lymphoma: Immunotherapy, including immune checkpoint inhibitors and CAR T-cell therapy, has demonstrated efficacy in treating various types of lymphoma, offering durable responses and improved outcomes.

Melanoma: Immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of advanced melanoma, with immune checkpoint inhibitors showing significant improvements in survival rates and long-term responses.

Multiple Myeloma: Immunotherapy, particularly CAR T-cell therapy and immune-modulating drugs, is being explored as a treatment option for multiple myeloma, offering promising results in clinical trials.

Ovarian Cancer: Immunotherapy, particularly immune checkpoint inhibitors, is being investigated in clinical trials for recurrent or advanced ovarian cancer, offering hope for patients with limited treatment options.

Pancreatic Cancer: Immunotherapy is being studied as a treatment option for pancreatic cancer, with ongoing research focusing on enhancing the immune response against tumors in this challenging disease.

Prostate Cancer: Immunotherapy is being investigated in prostate cancer, particularly in advanced or metastatic disease, with ongoing clinical trials exploring its efficacy in combination with other therapies.

Skin Cancer: Immunotherapy, particularly immune checkpoint inhibitors, is a cornerstone of treatment for advanced or metastatic melanoma, offering improved survival outcomes and durable responses.

Sarcoma: Immunotherapy is being evaluated in certain types of sarcoma, with ongoing clinical trials exploring its efficacy in enhancing the immune response against these rare cancers.

Stomach Cancer: Immunotherapy, particularly immune checkpoint inhibitors, is being investigated in advanced or metastatic stomach cancer, offering hope for patients with limited treatment options.

Uterine Cancer: Immunotherapy is being studied in endometrial cancer, particularly in advanced or recurrent disease, with ongoing clinical trials evaluating its efficacy and safety.

Overall, immunotherapy holds promise for improving outcomes in a wide range of cancers, with ongoing research aimed at expanding its use and efficacy across different cancer types.

How is Immunotherapy Given?

Immunotherapy can be administered in various forms depending on the specific treatment and the type of cancer being targeted:

Intravenous (IV): Immunotherapy is delivered directly into a vein, typically through an IV infusion. This allows the medication to circulate throughout the body and target cancer cells wherever they may be located.

Oral: Some immunotherapy drugs are available in pill or capsule form, which can be taken orally. This convenient method allows patients to self-administer the medication at home, following their healthcare provider's instructions.

Topical: For certain types of early-stage skin cancer, immunotherapy may be applied topically as a cream. Patients can apply the cream directly to the affected area, allowing the medication to penetrate the skin and target cancer cells locally.

Intravesical: In cases of bladder cancer, immunotherapy may be administered directly into the bladder through a process called intravesical therapy. This allows the medication to directly target cancer cells in the bladder lining while minimizing systemic side effects.

Frequency and Duration of Immunotherapy

The frequency and duration of immunotherapy treatments vary depending on several factors:

Type and Stage of Cancer: The type of cancer and its stage play a significant role in determining the treatment schedule. Advanced cancers may require more frequent or prolonged immunotherapy sessions compared to early-stage cancers.

Type of Immunotherapy: Different types of immunotherapy drugs have unique dosing schedules. Some may be administered daily, weekly, or monthly, while others are given in cycles with periods of rest in between to allow the body to recover and respond to treatment.

Individual Response to Treatment: Your body's response to immunotherapy also influences the treatment schedule. Your healthcare provider may adjust the frequency and duration of treatment based on how well you tolerate the therapy and how your cancer responds to it.

Treatment cycles typically involve a period of active treatment followed by a rest period. This cycle allows your body to recover, replenish healthy cells, and optimize the effectiveness of immunotherapy. Ultimately, the treatment plan is personalized to your specific medical needs and may be adjusted over time based on your response to treatment and any changes in your cancer status.


Can Cancer be 100% Cured?

While significant advancements in cancer treatment have improved outcomes, achieving a 100% cure rate for all types and stages of cancer remains challenging. Cure rates vary depending on factors such as cancer type, stage, and treatment effectiveness. Some early-stage cancers can be cured with treatment, but for others, especially advanced cancers, long-term remission or management is the goal. Ongoing research and advancements continue to improve cancer treatment options and outcomes.

Side Effects of Immunotherapy.

Side effects of immunotherapy can vary depending on the specific type of treatment and individual response, but common side effects may include:

  • Fatigue

  • Skin rash or itching

  • Flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, or muscle aches

  • Diarrhea or other gastrointestinal issues

  • Thyroid dysfunction

  • Respiratory issues like cough or shortness of breath

  • Infrequent but potentially serious side effects may include autoimmune reactions affecting organs like the lungs, liver, or intestines

  • Increased risk of infection due to immune system suppression.

What are the top 3 deadliest cancers?

Lung and bronchus, colorectal, and pancreatic cancers rank among the top three deadliest cancers, collectively accounting for almost half of all cancer-related deaths. These aggressive cancers pose significant challenges in terms of diagnosis, treatment, and survival rates, emphasizing the importance of early detection and effective interventions.

How to find the best Cancer Doctors in Kolkata?

  • Research Online: Use medical directories and hospital websites to find oncologists in Kolkata.

  • Seek Referrals: Ask for recommendations from your doctor, friends, or family.

  • Check Credentials: Ensure the oncologist is board-certified and affiliated with reputable hospitals.

  • Read Reviews: Look for positive patient testimonials and reviews online.

  • Consider Experience: Choose an oncologist with extensive experience in treating your type of cancer.

  • Evaluate Communication: Opt for a doctor who communicates clearly and empathetically.

  • Consult Multiple Doctors: Schedule consultations with several oncologists to find the best fit for your needs.

Where can you receive immunotherapy in Kolkata?

Immunotherapy treatments are typically administered in a doctor’s office, clinic, or outpatient unit within a hospital. Outpatient settings mean patients do not stay overnight in the hospital, allowing for convenient and accessible access to treatment while minimizing disruption to daily routines.

How can you tell if immunotherapy is working?

Assessing the effectiveness of immunotherapy involves various methods, including imaging tests like CT scans or MRIs to monitor tumor size and progression. Additionally, blood tests may measure tumor markers or immune system activity. Clinical signs, such as reduced symptoms or tumor shrinkage, also indicate a positive response. Regular discussions with your healthcare provider are crucial for evaluating treatment efficacy and adjusting the plan as needed.

What is the Cost of Immunotherapy in Kolkata?

The cost of immunotherapy in Kolkata varies widely depending on factors such as the specific type of treatment, duration of therapy, location, and individual insurance coverage. Generally, immunotherapy can be expensive, with treatment courses ranging from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of dollars. Patients should consult with their healthcare providers and insurance companies to understand potential costs and explore financial assistance options or clinical trials, which may provide access to treatment at reduced or no cost.

What are the most effective cancer immunotherapy methods?

Checkpoint inhibitors are among the most successful immunotherapy approaches. These treatments work by blocking proteins that regulate the immune system’s responses, enabling a stronger attack on cancer cells. Drugs like nivolumab and pembrolizumab have demonstrated success in treating cancers such as melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer.

What supportive care services are available for cancer patients undergoing immunotherapy in Kolkata?

Cancer patients undergoing immunotherapy in Kolkata have access to a range of supportive care services aimed at managing treatment side effects and enhancing overall well-being. These services may include nutritional counseling, pain management, psychological support, and complementary therapies such as yoga or meditation. Multidisciplinary teams collaborate to provide personalized care plans tailored to each patient's needs throughout their immunotherapy journey.

What is the success rate of immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy does not yield positive outcomes for everyone. While it can be transformative for some patients, it may not be effective for all. Response rates vary depending on the type of cancer, with an overall response rate of approximately 15 to 20%.

What is the best cancer hospital in Kolkata? 

Denvax Immunotherapy Cancer Hospital is renowned for its specialization in immunotherapy, offering advanced treatment options for various types of cancer. Immunotherapy has shown promising results in enhancing the immune system's ability to recognize and destroy cancer cells, leading to improved outcomes for patients.

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